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  • Bolden Terrace, Westhouses, Alfreton, Derbyshire, DE55 5AF. Tel: 01773 832 518


Maths at Westhouses Primary School


At Westhouses Primary School, we know that it important to develop children’s mathematical confidence and fluency in a range of engaging and meaningful ways to ensure they are equipped to succeed in the future and in later employed life.


The aims of our provision are in line with those of the national curriculum for mathematics which ensure that all pupils:

  • become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately;
  • reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, investigating relationships and making generalisations, as well as providing a justification or proof using mathematical language;
  • can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions.


How do we plan and teach Maths at Westhouses Primary School?

We follow the Programmes of Study in the national curriculum for Mathematics which breaks learning initially into four strands. These are: number, measurement, geometry and statistics. By year 6, the additional strands of algebra and ratio & proportion are built into the Programmes of Study. School teaches a mastery curriculum focusing on firstly embedding understanding, delivered through the teaching of concrete, pictorial and abstract skills. Further practice ensures fluency in the skills. The skills are then mastered in deeper-thinking activities; this requires the application of skills to problem-solving, investigation and reasoning. Integral to all maths lessons is the teaching of efficient mental maths strategies.


We plan our schemes of learning using a variety of resources, but base our structure around the White Rose Maths schemes of learning, in conjunction with Inspire and Power Maths schemes of learning, all of which follow the 2014 national curriculum programmes of study strands. This allows us to ensure the children are able to tackle problems in a variety of ways and develop their reasoning and problem solving skills effectively.


In each class, we ensure there are a wide range of manipulatives (such as Base Ten, Numicon, place value counters, number lines, number squares etc.) to support our children’s conceptual understanding of mathematics. We then move understanding on to pictorial and abstract representations, which allow children to become quicker and fluent mathematicians.


Each class uses the school calculation policy, which outlines how we move on children's knowledge using apparatus, drawings and formal written methods.


As a school, we have also bought into the MyMaths programme, which allows children to practice key skills through games and activities, which provide immediate feedback and can alert the class teacher to areas of strength and areas which require support. Each child also has a subscription to Numbots and Times Tables Rock Stars - these online programmes aim to build number fluency through number bond, multiplication and division games. We also use the Maths of the Day system to encourage children to develop their skills through practical, active exploration and play in all years. https://www.westhouses.derbyshire.sch.uk/times-tables-rockstars/



Maths (Numeracy, Number, Shape and Measures) in Reception:

Pupils in Reception encounter maths in a variety of ways every day. Children take part in a daily adult-led maths session each day, exploring number, shape, time and pattern based upon their current themes of learning. We also use th CBBC Number Blocks materials to explore numbers in different ways, to support children with numeral recognition and challenge children to think about numbers in different ways. We aim for our classroom to be 'maths rich' by exposing children to different ways of mathematical concepts: representing numbers in different ways, shape matching, use of time language etc.


Adults plan for and organise additional activities around the classroom for the children to explore during their enhanced provision time. This may be through a number sequencing activity, time ordering or use of measuring materials in sand and water areas. Children take part in focused activities with an adult at least twice per week, where they complete a formal activity which goes into their Maths books, or is recorded using our online portal.


Maths in Key Stage 1:

Each child has their own set of PowerMaths work books, as well as a Maths Book to record their learning. Through the use of practical resources and varied activities, children are able to practice key skills in a variety of ways. Children work in their own year groups to focus in on age related expectations. Where appropriate, children may be given the opportunity to explore maths further through EYFS styled enhanced provision.


Maths in Key Stage 2:

Each KS2 class follows a similar structure in maths: they complete an anchor task, which assesses children's current understanding, guided practice, independent learning (using PowerMaths, Inspire or appropriate activities) in their Maths books, then complete either a reflect or Deep Dive Challenge - these aim to check and challenge understanding further. Problem Solving and Reasoning should be embedded for all children in every lesson. In some lessons, we also use Flashback activities or Multiplication tasks, to review and consolidate prior learning.


How do we assess Maths?

At the beginning of each block, children complete a Pre-Assessment, which includes Age-Related concepts, as well as concepts from previous year groups. This allows teachers to identify gaps in learning, and areas where children require additional challenge. These assessments are based on the White Rose Maths block assessments and schemes of learning.


Teachers continually assess children’s understanding through daily marking and feedback. This ensures that children are able to receive immediate intervention and support as required, as well as providing challenge for children who grasp concepts quicker. The children actively engage in unit/block checklists (which focus on key objectives and vocabulary) and  ‘game board’ target sheets which encourage children to identify their areas of strength and their own personal next steps. We also use the NFER assessments, White Rose Termly Tests and end of key stage tests (SATs) to identify gaps in knowledge and skills.



The 2014 National curriculum clearly outlines expected progression within each year group. To support further with ensuring work is pitched at an age-appropriate level, we also use the White Rose Maths Small Steps planning system. following on from our pre-assessment, we use these small steps to ensure that children re-cover any gaps in prior learning, before moving through age-related expectations quickly and confidently.


Pupils who require additional support have the opportunity to take part in catch up or pre-teaching sessions, which will 'over learn' concepts to support understanding. 


For more information about the small steps and related progression for each strand, please see the White Rose document below.

Maths Coverage

Maths is taught in separate year groups across the school. Please see the outline of learning below:


Autumn 1

Autumn 2

Spring 1

Spring 2

Summer 1

Summer 2


Unit 1: Numbers to 5

Unit 2: Sorting

Unit 3: Comparing Groups Within 5

Unit 4: Change Within 5

Unit 5: Time

Unit 6: Number Bonds Within 5

Unit 7: Numbers to 10

Unit 8: Comparing Numbers Within 10

Unit 9: Addition to 10

Unit 10: Number Bonds to 10

Unit 11: Space and Shape

Unit 12: Exploring Patterns

Unit 13: Counting On and Counting Back

Unit 14: Numbers to 20

Unit 15: Numerical Patterns

Unit 16: Measure

Year 1

Unit 1: Numbers to 10

Unit 2: Part-whole within 10

Unit 3: Addition and Subtraction within 10 (1)

Unit 4: Addition and Subtraction within 10 (2)

Unit 6: Numbers to 20

Unit 7: Addition within 20

Unit 5: 2D and 3D shapes

Unit 8: Subtraction within 20

Unit 9: Numbers to 50

Unit 10: Introducing Length and Height

Unit 8: Length and Height

Unit 12: Multiplication

Unit 13: Division

Unit 14: Halves and Quarters

Unit 16: Numbers to 50

Unit 15: Position and Direction

Unit 17: Time

Unit 18: Money

Year 2

Unit 1 : Numbers to 100

Unit 2: Addition and Subtraction (1)

Unit 3: Addition and Subtraction

Unit 4 : Money

Unit 5: Multiplication and Division (1)

Unit 7: Statistics

Unit 6: Multiplication and Division (2)

Unit 10: Fractions

Unit 8: Length and Height

Unit 9: properties of Shape

Unit 12: Problem Solving and Efficient Methods

Unit 14: Weight, Volume and Temperature

Unit 11: Position and Direction

Unit 13: Time

Year 3

Unit 1: Place Value Within 1,000

Unit 2: Addition and Subtraction (1)

Unit 2: Addition and Subtraction (2)

Unit 4: Multiplication and Division (1)

Unit 5: Multiplication and Division (2)

Unit 7: Statistics

Unit 9: Fractions (1)

Unit 10: Fractions (2)

Unit 8: Length

Unit 6: Money

Unit 11: Time

Unit 12: Angles and Shape Properties

Unit 13: Mass

Unit 14: Capacity

Year 4

Unit 1: Place Value – 4-digit Numbers (1)

Unit 2: Place Value – 4-digit Numbers (2)

Unit 3: Addition and Subtraction

Unit 5: Multiplication and Division (1)

Unit 4: Perimeter

Unit 6: Multiplication and Division (2)

Unit 7: Area

Unit 8: Fractions

Unit 9: Fractions (2)

Unit 10: Decimals (1)

Unit 11: Decimals (2)

Unit 13: Time

Unit 14: Statistics

Unit 15: Angles and 2D Shape

Unit 12: Money

Unit 16: Position and Direction

Year 5

Unit 1: Place Value Within 100,000

Unit 2: Place Value Within 1,000,000

Unit 3: Addition and Subtraction

Unit 4: Statistics

Unit 5: Multiplication and Division (1) Unit 6: Area and Perimeter


Unit 7: Multiplication and Division (2) Unit 8: Fractions (1)

Unit 9: Fractions (2)

Unit 10: Fractions (3)

Unit 11: Decimals and Percentages


Unit 12: Decimals

Unit 13: Properties of Shape (1)

Unit 14: Geometry – Properties of Shape(2)

Unit 15: Position and Direction

Unit 16: Measures –converting units

Unit 17: Volume and Capacity


Year 6

Unit 1: Place Value Within 10,000,000

Unit 2: Four Operations (1)

Unit 3: Four Operations (2)

Unit 4: Fractions (1)

Unit 5: Fractions (2)

Unit 6: Position and Direction

Unit 7: Decimals

Unit 8: Percentages

Unit 9: Algebra

Unit 10: Measures –Imperial and Metric

Unit 11: Perimeter, Area and Volume Unit 12: Ratio and Proportion


Unit 13: Geometry – properties of Shape

Unit 15: Statistics

Unit 14: Problem Solving and Transitional Units




We may deviate from this overview based upon assessment and the needs of the children in the class. Please see your child's class teach for more information about their current maths focus.

Calculation Policy


Please use the links below to see how we teach the four operations across the school. If you would like any more information or have any questions about these, please do not hesitate to ask your child's class teacher.

Calculation help videos

We have also create a set of calculation videos for parents and children to use at home when working with the four operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division). Please use the following link to see these videos.

White Rose Maths have also compiled a series of videos exploring ways to support children at home using manipulatives. These methods match many of the methods we use at Westhouses, and will provide additional support for any parents who wish to support their children further. Follow the first link below to find the videos, as well as printable resources to support. The second link has additional activities which may be used at home to support children with the concepts learnt in school - please ask your child's class teacher to find out which area they are currently studying.

Multiplication and the Multiplication Check


At Westhouses Primary School, we place a bit emphasis on the importance of learning key number facts, including number bonds and multiplication tables. Throughout school, we use our weekly times table challenge to support and extend children's knowledge of tables alongside dedicated lessons in lower school to focus on the recall of key facts.


It has been announced that from 2020, children in Year 4 will take part in a times tables screening - this well test children's knowledge and fluency of all times tables. The test will be taken online and will comprise of questions from the 2 to 12 times table. Children will have six seconds to answer each question. We will receive the results and will be able to support children further who do not fluently know their multiplication tables. For more information about the tables check, please speak to Mr Weston or Mrs Whitby.


Please follow the link below to find some resources which may help you to support your child in learning their multiplication facts.